The basic elementsA survival kit should contain the essential items to meet vital needs in an emergency. Here is a non-exhaustive list of basic elements:
- First aid kit: bandages, sterile compresses, disinfectant, scissors, tweezers, dressings, adhesive tape, etc.
- Water and food: bottled water, water purifying tablets, energy bars, sachets of nuts and other non-perishable foods.
- Means of communication: whistle, signaling mirror, portable radio with spare batteries, solar charger for mobile phone.
- Tools: multi-function knife, lighter, waterproof matches, flashlight with spare batteries, cord, compass, survival blanket.
- Clothing: waterproof jacket, hat, gloves, scarf, suitable shoes.
Elements specific to the environmentDepending on where you are or the situation you are in, certain items will need to be added to your survival kit.
In the mountainsWhen you are in the mountains, the survival kit should contain additional elements to cope with difficult conditions:
- Warm clothing: fleece, hat, warm gloves, thermal socks, etc.
- Climbing equipment: ice ax, crampons, harness, carabiners, helmet, etc.
- GPS and topographical map: to find your way and not get lost.
In the desertIn a desert environment, water needs are essential. You must therefore adapt your survival kit accordingly:
- Water reserves: additional water containers, filtration system and purifying tablets.
- Sun protection: sunscreen, sunglasses, wide-brimmed hat, possibly a portable parasol.
- Navigation: compass, GPS, desert map.
In an urban environmentIn an urban environment, it is important to provide a survival kit adapted to emergency situations that may arise in this context:
- Protection against gases: gas mask, protective glasses.
- DIY materials: screwdriver, adjustable wrench, American tape.
- Means of communication: mobile phone, emergency charger, list of emergency numbers.
Elements specific to personal needsEach individual has specific needs that must be taken into account when putting together a survival kit. Here are some examples of items to include based on personal needs:
- Medications: If you are taking regular medication, it is important to carry a sufficient supply for several days.
- Eyeglasses: bring an extra pair in case of loss or breakage.
- Important documents: photocopy of passport, driving license, identity card, etc.
- Comfort items: inflatable pillow, light blanket, earplugs, etc.
In case you are missing something in the open field, you can try to find survivalists in the area who can help you out.